Chief Minister-elect of
Took office: May 20, 2011
Governor: M. K. Narayanan
Succeeding: Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee
Minister of Railways
In office: May 22, 2009 – May 19, 2011
Preceded by Lalu Prasad Yadav
Succeeded by TBC
DOB: Born 5 January 1955 (1955-01-05) (age 56)
Birth Place: Kolkata, West Bengal
Political party: All India Trinamool Congress
Residence: New Delhi, India (Official)
Kolkata, West Bengal (Private)
Alma mater: Jogamaya Devi College (B.A.), University of Calcutta (M.A.)
Shri Shikshayatan College (B.Ed.)
Jogesh Chandra Chaudhuri Law College (LL.B.)
Profession: Politician, Advocate, Social Worker
Mamata Banerjee became the first women Chief Minister of West Bengal after her party's landslide victory in the Assembly elections 2011. Banerjee dedicated the historic victory over the 34-year-old Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M)-led rule to the 'Maa Mati Manush' (mother, land and people) of Bengal. The Trinamool-Congress alliance bagged 227 of the 294 seats in the state assembly, with the Trinamool alone getting 184.
'Mamata Banerjee Zindabad' and 'Maa, Mati, Manush Zindabad' rent the air, while the Trinamool workers also took a dig at the beleaguered Left Front with slogans of 'Didi tumi korle ki/CPI-M khabe ki' (Didi what have you done/ How will CPI-M survive now).
Several party workers broke down as they heard the news of Banerjee being elected Trinamool legislative party leader. 'I still can't believe that our dream has come true. We are very happy,' said 55-year old Sujit Patra who switched from the Congress to the Trinamool in 1998. Trinamool was formed after Banerjee broke ranks with Congress dubbing it the B-team of the Marxists.
Banerjee declared her cabinet will be a small one, but added that she might expand her ministry later. 'I have earlier said that I prefer a small ministry. But there can be a expansion once I go through the administrative rules and government files and regulations. I will try to include people from all sections of the society in my cabinet,' she said. Banerjee also expressed her gratitude to the people of Junglemahal area (the Maoist-hit forested stretches of West Midnapore, Bankura and
Purulia districts) and saluted them for voting for the Trinamool.
From a street fighter to a change agent. And now an icon. Mamata Banerjee's single-handed demolition of the Left Front in Bengal is the stuff legends are made of. Over the years, the Trinamool Congress supremo has transformed herself from the mercurial, impulsive boss of a regional party to the responsible leader of a state. The metamorphosis has come through times that have been rough, tough and testing. Under her, the Trinamool can now boast of stronger national ambition.
The impulsive Mamata, who went into isolation after she quit the NDA ministry in early 2001, held her nerve after the Jnaneswari Express disaster in 2006. She carved out a tangible development model for West Bengal using the railway ministry, which helped her earn the confidence of the industry without comprmising on her achievements in Singur and Nandigram.
This was not the case in 2001. At the end of polling in the 2001 assembly polls, Mamata flashed the 'V' sign, only to shut herself in her modest home at 30B Harish Chatterjee Street, a nondescript locality in south Kolkata, after the crushing defeat. Those were the days when the only 'mantra' of Mamata's politics was blind opposition to CPM, when she would switch alliance without much thought so long as she was facing away from the Left. Administrative stints are not new to her, she has been railway minister and held other portfolios in the Union cabinet. Now one has to watch how she reconciles her personal life with her new and more demanding role as the chief minister of West Bengal.
Chief Minister again, Jayalalithaa rolls out freebies
16th Chief Minister of
Assumed office: 16 May 2011
Preceded by: M. Karunanidhi
14th Chief Minister of
In office: 2 March 2002 – 12 May 2006
Preceded by: O. Panneerselvam
Succeeded by: M. Karunanidhi
Chief Minister of
In office: 14 May 2001 – 21 September 2001
Preceded by: M. Karunanidhi
Succeeded by: O. Panneerselvam
Constituency: Could not contest
11th Chief Minister of
In office: 24 June 1991 – 12 May 1996
Preceded by: President's rule
Succeeded by: M. Karunanidhi
Born: 24 February 1948 (1948-02-24) (age 63), Mysore, Karnataka, India
Political party: AIADMK
Residence: Chennai, Tamil Nadu
alalitha was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for the third time on 16 April 2011. She was elected unanimously as the leader of the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK) legislature party after winning the 14th election held on 13 April 2011 and immediately unleashed a barrage of sops for women and poor families.
Back at Fort St. George, which houses the state secretariat, one of her first decisions was to order 20 kg of free rice for the poor and 35 kg for the very poor through the public distribution system.
Jayalalithaa ordered that educated poor women be presented a free four-grams gold 'mangalsutra' in addition to the Rs.25,000 marriage assistance which is presently given. She doubled the marriage assistance for women with a degree or diploma to Rs.50,000, besides also gifting them free a 'mangalsutra'.
While pension for the old, destitute, widows and differently-abled women has been doubled to Rs.1,000, compensation paid to fishermen during the 45-day fishing ban period has also been hiked. Women in state government service will now get six months of maternity leave.
The actor-turned-politician was clearly giving a big 'Thank You' to the voters for the huge mandate given to her AIADMK-led alliance that crushed the DMK. A new department to be headed by a minister was established to monitor the implementation of the promises made in the AIADMK manifesto.
Jayalalithaa told reporters that an autocratic rule has been ended and the people of the state have been liberated. On the fate of the new
assembly building as she reverted
to the old building at Fort St. George, Jayalalithaa said the
cabinet will take a decision on that.
She said there was total collapse of administrative machinery in the state during the past five years.
According to her, the living standard of the people in Tamil Nadu will go up and her government would make the state the top-most in the country.
Jayalalithaa has earlier administered the oath of office and secrecy by Governor Surjit Singh Barnala at the University Centenary Hall. She will head a 34-member government. Jayalalithaa first became chief minister in 1991, in the wake of former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi's assassination, and again 10 years later.
In 1981, she was nominated to the Rajya Sabha marking her entry into the Parliament of India. Her association with politics grew from her association with the Late M. G. Ramachandran (popularly known as M.G.R), a movie star and Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and her position as MGR's disciple helped her become his political heir.
After M.G.R's death, she was alienated by a faction of the party who, instead chose to support M.G.R's wife, Janaki Ramachandran. Drawing on her massive popularity, she won the elections to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly in 1989.
Incidentally she became the first woman to be elected Leader of the Opposition. In 1991, following the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi, just days before the elections, her alliance with the Indian National Congress paid off as a sympathy wave propelled the coalition to a massive victory.
IMF chief charged with sexual assault
10th Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund
In office: 1 November 2007 – 19 May 2011
Deputy: John Lipsky
Preceded by: Rodrigo Rato
Succeeded by: John Lipsky
Finance and Economy Minister of France
In office: 4 June 1997 – 2 November 1999
Preceded by: Jean Arthuis
Succeeded by: Christian Sautter
Born: 25 April 1949 (1949-04-25) (age 62), Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Political party: Socialist Party
Spouse(s): Anne Sinclair
IMF chief and possible French presidential contender Dominique Strauss-Kahn was arrested and charged with an alleged sexual assault, including an attempted rape, on a hotel maid in New York City.
Dominique Strauss-Kahn, a key player in the world's response to the 2007-09 financial meltdown and in Europe's ongoing debt crisis, was removed from an Air France plane minutes before it was to take off for Paris from John F Kennedy International Airport on, New York police spokesman Paul Browne said.
The woman accuses Dominique Strauss-Kahn, France's leading presidential contender, of forcing her to perform oral sex on him twice, and then trying to rape her while she cleaned his Sofitel hotel room in Manhattan. Strauss-Kahn took charge of the IMF in November 2007. The former French Finance Minister is considered a leading contender to run as the Socialist Party's candidate against President Nicolas Sarkozy in France's 2012 election. Some say Mr. Sarkozy supported Strauss-Kahn to become the IMF director as a ploy to keep him away from French politics.
I find the arrest surprising given the power dynamics at play. Strauss-Kahn led on the most powerful economic institutions in the world: the IMF oversees the global financial system and has played an active and public role in responding to the global economic crisis. John Lipsky has taken over running the IMF for the time being. Strauss-Kahn was also the expected frontrunner in the upcoming presidential election in France. Basically, he was one of the most powerful men in the world.
Strauss-Kahn is married to a prominent French television reporter, but has weathered previous sex scandals. In 2008, he apologized for what he termed "an error in judgement" for an affair with one of his subordinates.
The head of the International Monetary Fund has resigned amid mounting calls he step down after being jailed on charges he sexually assaulted a maid in his upscale hotel suite. In a brief letter to the IMF executive board, Dominique Strauss-Kahn proclaimed his innocence.
Dominique Gaston André Strauss-Kahn often referred to in the media as DSK, is a French economist, lawyer, and politician, and a member of the Socialist Party of France (PS). Strauss-Kahn became the Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on 28 September 2007, with the backing of his country's president, Nicolas Sarkozy, and served in that role until his resignation on May 19, 2011.
He is a full professor of economics at the Paris Institute for Political Studies ("Sciences Po"). Strauss-Kahn was Minister of Economy and Finance from 1997 to 1999 as part of Lionel Jospin's "Plural Left" government. He belongs to the right wing of the PS (which is on the center-left of French politics) and sought the nomination in the primaries to the Socialist presidential candidacy for the 2007 election, but he was defeated by Ségolène Royal in November 2006.
Strauss-Kahn was first an activist member of the Union of Communist Students, before joining in the 1970s the Centre d'études, de recherches et d'éducation socialiste (Center on Socialist Education Studies and Research, CERES) led by Jean-Pierre Chevènement, future presidential candidate for the 2002 election. There, he befriended the future Prime Minister of France Lionel Jospin (PS).
After the election of President François Mitterrand (PS) in 1981, he decided to stay out of government. He got involved in the Socialist Party (PS), which was led by Lionel Jospin, and founded Socialisme et judaïsme ("Socialism and Judaism"). The next year, he was appointed to the Commissariat au plan (Planning Commission) as commissaire-adjoint.
Philip Roth wins Man Booker International Prize
List of awards
1960 National Book Award for Goodbye, Columbus
1986 National Book Critics Circle Award for The Counterlife
1991 National Book Critics Circle Award for Patrimony
1994 PEN/Faulkner Award for Operation Shylock
1995 National Book Award for Sabbath's Theater
1998 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for American Pastoral
1998 Ambassador Book Award of the English-Speaking Union for I Married a Communist
1998 National Medal of Arts
2000 Prix du Meilleur Livre Étranger (France) for American Pastoral
2001 PEN/Faulkner Award for The Human Stain
2001 Gold Medal In Fiction from The American Academy of Arts and Letters
2001 WH Smith Literary Award for The Human Stain
2002 National Book Foundation's Award for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters
2003 Honorary Doctor of Letters degree from Harvard University
2005 Sidewise Award for Alternate History for The Plot Against America
Philip Roth, one of America's most prolific and controversial novelists, was named winner of the £60,000 Man Booker International Prize awarded every two years for a body of work published either originally in English or widely available in English translation.
He beat a formidable line-up of 12 contenders that included Rohinton Mistry and John Le Carre.
Roth (78) is best-known for his 1969 novel “Portnoy's Complaint,” and for his late-1990s trilogy comprising “American Pastoral” which won the Pulitzer Prize in 1998; “I Married a Communist;” and “The Human Stain.”
Judges praised him for his “imagination” and, especially, the way he had dealt with the notion of Jewish identity in his novels.
His imagination has not only recast our idea of Jewish identity, it has also reanimated fiction, and not just American fiction, generally,” said the Chair of the judging panel, Rick Gekoski, well-known American writer and broadcaster.
Describing Roth's career as an “astonishing achievement,” he said: “His career is remarkable in that he starts at such a high level, and keeps getting better. In his 50s and 60s, when most novelists are in decline, he wrote a string of novels of the highest, enduring quality. Indeed, his most recent, Nemesis (2010), is as fresh, memorable, and alive with feeling as anything he has written. His is an astonishing achievement.”
In a brief statement, Roth said he hoped the award would bring him to the attention of those who were not familiar with his work. “One of the particular pleasures I've had as
a writer is to have my work read despite all the heartaches of translation that entails. I hope the prize will bring me to the attention of readers around the world who are not familiar with my work. This is a great honour and I'm delighted to receive it,” he said.
Previous winners include Ismail Kadaré , Chinua Achebe and Alice Munro.
Philip Milton Roth (born March 19, 1933) is an American novelist. He gained fame with the 1959 novella Goodbye, Columbus, an irreverent and humorous portrait of Jewish-American life that earned him a National Book Award. In 1969 he became a major celebrity with the publication of the controversial Portnoy's Complaint, the humorous and sexually explicit psychoanalytical monologue of "a lust-ridden, mother-addicted young Jewish bachelor," filled with "intimate, shameful detail, and coarse, abusive language."
Roth has since become one of the most honored authors of his generation: his books have twice been awarded the National Book Award, twice the National Book Critics Circle award, and three times the PEN/Faulkner Award.
He received a Pulitzer Prize for his 1997 novel, American Pastoral, which featured his best-known character, Nathan Zuckerman, the subject of many other of Roth's novels. His 2001 novel The Human Stain, another Zuckerman novel, was awarded the United Kingdom's WH Smith Literary Award for the best book of the year. His fiction, set frequently in Newark, New Jersey, is known for its intensely autobiographical character, for philosophically and formally blurring the distinction between reality and fiction and for its "supple, ingenious style.