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April 2012

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In this issue:

The Top 10 "qualities" that make a good manager

Akhilesh Yadav, Dinesh Trivedi, Sergey Lavrov & Bo Xilai

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Enrichment Enrichment The Top 10 "qualities" that make a good manager

There isn't a magic formula for good management, of course, but if you're a manager perhaps these tips will help you to be more effective.

1. CHOOSE A FIELD THOUGHTFULLY.
Make it one you enjoy. It's hard to be productive without genuine enthusiasm. This is true whether you're a manager or employee.

2. HIRE CAREFULLY AND BE WILLING TO FIRE.
You need a strong team, because a mediocre team gives mediocre results, no matter how well managed it is. One common mistake is holding onto somebody who doesn't quite measure up. It's easy to keep this person on the job because he's not terrible at what he does. But a good manager will replace him or move him to a set of responsibilities where he can succeed unambiguously.

3. CREATE A PRODUCTIVE ENVIRONMENT.
This is a particular challenge because it requires different approaches depending on the context. Sometimes you maximize productivity by giving everybody his or her own office. Sometimes you achieve it by moving everybody into open space. Sometimes you use financial incentives to stimulate productivity. A combination of approaches is usually required .One element that almost always increases productivity is providing an information system that empowers employees.

4. DEFINE SUCCESS.
Make it clear to your employees what constitutes success and how they should measure their achievements. Goals must be realistic. Project schedules, for example, must be set by the people who do the work. People will accept a ``bottom-up'' deadline they helped set but they'll be cynical about a schedule imposed from the top that doesn't map to reality. Unachievable goals weaken an organization.

5. YOU HAVE TO LIKE PEOPLE AND BE GOOD AT COMMUNICATING.
This is hard to fake. If you don't genuinely enjoy interacting with people, it'll be hard to manage them well. You must have a wide range of personal contacts within your organization. You need relationships--not necessarily personal friendships--with a fair number of people, including your own employees. You must encourage these people to tell you what's going on (good or bad) and give you feedback about what people are thinking about the company and your role in it.

6. DEVELOP YOUR PEOPLE TO DO THEIR JOBS BETTER THAN YOU CAN.
Transfer your skills to them. This is an exciting goal but it can be threatening to a manager who worries that he's training his replacement. If you're concerned, ask your boss: “If I develop somebody who can do my job super well, does the company have some other challenge for me or not?” Many smart managers like to see their employees increase their responsibilities because it frees the managers to tackle new or undone tasks. There's no shortage of jobs for good managers. The world has an infinite amount of work to be done.

7. BUILD MORALE.
Make it clear there's plenty of good will to go around and that it's not just you as some hotshot manager who's going to impress others if things go well. Give people a sense of the importance of what they're working on--its importance to the company, its importance to customers. When you achieve great results, everybody involved should share in the credit and feel good about it.

8. TAKE ON PROJECTS YOURSELF.
You need to do more than communicate. The last thing people want is a boss who just doles out stuff. From time to time prove you can be hands-on by taking on one of the less attractive tasks and using it as an example of how your employees should meet challenges.

9. DON'T MAKE THE SAME DECISION TWICE.
Spend the time and thought to make a solid decision the first time so that you don't revisit the issue unnecessarily. If you're too willing to reopen issues, it interferes not only with your execution but also with your motivation to make a decision in the first place. After all why bother deciding an issue if it isn't really decided? People hate indecisive leadership so you have to make choices. However that doesn't mean you have to decide everything the moment it comes to your attention. Nor that you can't ever reconsider a decision.

10. LET PEOPLE KNOW WHOM TO PLEASE.
Maybe it's you, maybe it's your boss and maybe it's somebody who works for you. You're in trouble--and risking--paralysis in your organization, when employees start saying to themselves: ``Am I supposed to be making this person happy or this other person happy? They seem to have different priorities.'

What's Hot What's Hot Akhilesh Yadav, Dinesh Trivedi, Sergey Lavrov & Bo Xilai

Akhilesh Yadav
He has become the first UP CM to declare assets.

Akhilesh Yadav
In a first for the state, newly elected Uttar Pradesh chief minister Akhilesh Yadav  has publicly declared his assets worth 4.83 crore, setting the tone for his cabinet colleagues to come out and declare their net worth.

Agency reports said that in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections when Akhilesh Yadav filed his nomination papers for Kannauj parliamentary seat, he had declared movable and immovable assets of more than 5.52 crore.

Yadav uploaded details of his assets on the Uttar Pradesh government website, becoming the first CM of the state to do so. In posting details of his assets and liabilities on the State Government website, he has sent a strong message to his Ministers that they should also do the same.

He owns a property on the busy Mahatama Gandhi Marg road in Lucknow, valued at 37.55 lakhs, has half the share of property situiated at 1-A Vikramaditya Marg, valued at 41.63 lakh, agricultural land in Etawah ( 17.53 lakh) and a plot at Friends Colony in Etawah, estimated at 2.11 lakh.

He has a Pajero car worth 20.16 lakh. Yadav has made investments worth 1.08 crore in various insurance as well as mutual funds. He has kept cash in hand of 97,923 and his total bank balance is 1.18 crore.
He has Rs 1.37 crore as loans and advances, which include Rs 22.24 lakh to wife Dimple Yadav, Rs 1.11 crore to Prateek Yadav and Rs 1.19 lakh to the Samajwadi Party.

Introduction

Akhilesh Yadav (born 1 July 1973) is an Indian politician, chief minister of Uttar Pradesh. He is the son of Samajwadi Party president Mulayam Singh Yadav and Malti Devi. He was first elected to the Lok Sabha from Kannauj in a by-election in 2000. He retained his seat in the 2004 and 2009 general elections. He has won three Lok Sabha elections since 2000. He spearheaded the campaign to bring the Samajwadi Party back to power in the 2012 UP Assembly election.

Early life and education

Akhilesh Yadav was born to Mulayam Singh Yadav and his first wife Malti Devi on 1 July 1973 in the Saifai village of Etawah district. His primary education was in St. Mary's School, Etawah.

He studied in Dholpur Military School, Dholpur (Rajasthan). He earned Bachelor degree in Civil Engineering from Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering, Mysore and later opted for a Masters in environmental engineering from the University of Sydney. Akhilesh is married to Dimple Yadav, and they have three children.

Akhilesh Yadav credits Janeshwar Mishra with intiating him into politics.

An Engineer and a self-confessed environmentalist, Akhilesh Yadav has become one of the youth icons of India. A natural leader who doesn’t believe in sitting on the fence, he has already spent over a decade in politics having entered parliament in 2000. Akhilesh has already made a mark in galvanising the youth, whether on a campaign trail or simply at home he is forever surrounded with his youth brigade, in fact he believes in the motto: Take everyone along both young and old, success comes in togetherness.

A product of young, vibrant and brave new India, Akhilesh embraces everything that India wants to be: responsible, trustworthy and ready to take on any challenge, as India enters the new decade of the 21st century, Akhilesh’s ideas are set to lead his party towards a new path.

2012 UP assembly elections

His campaigning style introduced modern elements in Samajwadi party's campaigning style. In the 2012 general election he was able to provide the party with a new image. He extensively campaigned across the state holding cycle rallies and public meetings at various locations.

His Rath Yatra conducted across the state was highly successful in bringing young voters and people from across all communities into the Samajwadi party's fold.

His personality was a key role in helping the Samajwadi Party towards a victory in of Uttar Pradesh's Assembly Elections held in 2012, with Samajwadi party winning 224 seats out of total 403, becoming the single largest party thus forming the government.

He was given credit for the party's rise from a meager 97 seats in the 2007 Vidhan Sabha and was subsequently elected as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh by the MLAs of the Samajwadi party. He is the youngest Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh at the age of 38 years.

Dinesh Trivedi
The man who kicked the hornet's nest

Dinesh Trivedi





Trivedi's performance as railway minister won him respect. He set up several committees to improve overall performance: one each for improving railway stations, logistics, safety, regulating of tariffs and monitoring project implementation.

Close aides confirm that before the Railway Budget he worked late into the night with his officials, discussing threadbare the reports on rail safety by the Anil Kakodkar Committee and the one on modernisation by the Sam Pitroda committee. "Trivedi was far more managerial and focused in his approach than any other minister," says Vinayak Chatterjee, Chairman, Feedback Ventures. Trivedi still defends his step, noting that rates have to inevitably rise at some stage, and the Railways had not raised fares for eight years. "Tram fares have been increased in Kolkata," he says. "Electricity rates have been raised in Kolkata." He also professes not to be affected by his tribulations.

"It is not the end of the road," he told the Conclave. "We can agree to disagree. If she (Banerjee) is happy with my head, let it be." What are his future plans? "The system is on trial, I am not," he says. "I will play golf with Nandan (Nilekani). Let them fight. God help Mukul Roy."
                Career as a politician

Trivedi joined the Congress party in the 1980s, but switched over to the Janata Dal in 1990. Later, in 1998 he joined Mamata Banerjee when she started the Trinamool Congress party and became its first general secretary.

He was a member of the Upper House in the Indian Parliament from 1990 to 2008. In the 2009 elections he contested for the Trinamool Congress party and won from Barrackpore to join the lower house in the Parliament.

He joined the cabinet as the Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare in 2009. In 2011, he offered to resign as a minister in support of Anna Hazare. In 2011, after Mamata Banerjee quit as the railway minister to become the Chief Minister of West Bengal, he was elevated as the Cabinet Minister for Railways. As the Railway minister, he has advocated instituting a rail regulator to fix rail fares, a policy that is diametrically opposite to the one by earlier railway ministers. He has also advocated de-politicizing the Railways.

Personal life

Trivedi is married to Minal, who holds a PhD in genetics. They have a son Parthsarathi, who is pursuing aerospace engineering from Purdue University, US.

Railway budget controversy

On 14 March 2012, Trivedi announced the annual rail budget 2012 that included an all over hike in passenger fares, ranging from 2 paise to 30 paise per kilometre for reasons of safety along with network expansion and modernisation. The fare hike was opposed by his own party's leader, Mamata Banerjee. Senior TMC MPs Sudeep Bandyopadhyay and Derek O'Brien both expressed their disagreement.

However, the budget received support from the general public, industry groups and all five Rail Unions. TMC chairperson and Chief Minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee declared that she will not allow any hike in railway fares proposed in the Railway Budget. Banerjee denied being consulted by Railway Minister on the issue of fare hike. 

On the same day, Mamata Banerjee wrote to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh asking him to dismiss Dinesh Trivedi as Minister of Railways and give the portfolio to another AITMC member of parliament Mukul Roy.

Initially, Trivedi requested a written confirmation from Mamata Banerjee before resigning, as he had received conflicting reports on the same from the Leader of the Trinamool Congress parliamentary party - Sudeep Bandyopadhyay and the chief whip of Trinamool Congress in Lok Sabha - Kalyan Banerjee.

Finally, on 18 March 2012, Trivedi resigned after making a direct phone call to Mamata Banerjee for confirmation of the party position. Later, Trivedi explicitly clarified that he had resigned because Trinamool Congress and Mamata Banerjee asked him to resign, but that he had received "communication" that neither PM nor Congress would request for his resignation, with the result that "..if I had not resigned on that particular evening, I could have brought uncertainty to government itself and that is not my job".

On forwarding the resignation to the President with recommendation of acceptance, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh praised the budget presented by Trivedi and expressed "regret" on his "departure".

Sergey Lavrov
He has come out against the withdrawal of the international military forces from Afghanistan in 2014.

Sergey Lavrov


Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has come out against the withdrawal of the international military forces from Afghanistan in 2014.

In an interview to the Afghan TV channel TOLO, Mr. Lavrov has said that the NATO-led forces should not pull out until they fulfil a U.N. mandate to establish a stable government and credible defence forces in Afghanistan.

“I don't think the goal has been achieved,” said Mr. Lavrov when asked whether the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) should leave Afghanistan in 2014 as proposed.

The ISAF “must implement their mandate before they leave, and before they leave, they must report to the U.N. Security Council that the mandate has been fulfilled.” He also criticised the U.S. plan to maintain military bases in Afghanistan after 2014, calling the move “illogical”.

“If you need the military presence, then continue implementing the mandate of the Security Council. If you don't want to implement the mandate or if you believe that you have implemented it, but still want to establish and keep the military bases, that's not logical,” Mr. Lavrov said. “I also believe that Afghan territory should not be used to create military facilities that would cause concern of third parties.”

“We don't understand the purpose of the military bases, and, besides, the United States is talking to Central Asian countries about long-term military presence. We want to understand the reason and purpose of these plans. We don't think it would be helpful for the stability of the region.”

Introduction

Sergey Viktorovich Lavrov, born on 21 March 1950 is a Russian diplomat who has been the Foreign Minister of Russia since 2004. Prior to that, Lavrov was a Soviet diplomat and Russia's ambassador to the United Nations from 1994 to 2004. Lavrov speaks Russian, English, French and Sinhala.

Early life

Lavrov was born in Moscow to an Armenian father from Tbilisi and Russian mother from Georgia. He graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) in 1972. He was sent as a Soviet diplomat to Sri Lanka, where he worked until 1976. He then returned to Moscow and worked in the Department of International Organizations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Ambassador to the United Nations

In 1981, he was sent as a senior adviser to the Soviet mission at the United Nations in New York City, and worked there until 1988. He worked for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs until 1994, when he returned to work in the United Nations, this time as the Permanent Representative of Russia.

While in the latter position, he was President of the United Nations Security Council in December 1995, June 1997, July 1998, October 1999, December 2000, April 2002, and June 2003.

Foreign Ministership

On 9 March 2004, President Vladimir Putin appointed Lavrov to the post of Minister for Foreign Affairs. He succeeded Igor Ivanov in the post.

Lavrov is regarded as continuing the style of his predecessor: a brilliant diplomat but a civil servant rather than a politician, Russia's foreign policy being largely determined by the President of the Russian Federation. Dr Bobo Lo, a Russian foreign policy expert at London's Chatham House has described him as "a tough, reliable, extremely sophisticated negotiator", but adding that "he's not part of Putin's inner sanctum" and that the toughening of Russian foreign policy has got very little to do with him.

Personal life

Mr. Lavrov is married and has a daughter, Ekaterina. His hobbies include playing guitar and writing songs and poetry. He is a keen sportsman and a heavy chain smoker.

Honours and awards

  • Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 2nd class (2010), 3rd class (2005) and 4th class (1998)
  • Order of Honour (1996)
  • Honoured Worker of the Diplomatic Service of the Russian Federation (2004)

Bo Xilai
His exit ushers in healthy debate

Bo Xilai

Bo Xilai (born 3 July 1949) is a Chinese politician. He came to prominence through his tenures as the mayor of the coastal economic hub of Dalian and then governor of Liaoning province. From 2004 to November 2007, he served as Minister of Commerce and in 2007 he was appointed head of the Communist Party's Chongqing branch. He was removed as Chongqing party chief in March 2012.

A day after he was ousted as party chief in Chongqing, the online community intensely debated his removal, marking a rare instance of internal Communist Party of China politics spilling out into the public domain.

On news of the departure of Mr. Bo, a Politburo member widely regarded as one of more charismatic politicians and, until recently, seen as a key figure in the next generation of the leadership, was the most discussed topic on Sina Weibo, a popular Twitter-equivalent. It drew more than 200,000 posts from the site's 100 million users.

The reactions were, in keeping with Mr. Bo's controversial political legacy, both divided and passionate. Many comments called for greater transparency in domestic politics, reflecting growing public interest in political issues and signalling an end to the days when CPC politics only played out behind closed doors.

Introduction

The son of Bo Yibo, one of the Eight Elders of the Communist Party of China, Bo Xilai is identified as one of the "princelings" in Chinese politics. He cultivated a casual and charismatic image in the media—a departure from the normally staid nature of Chinese politics.

In Chongqing Bo became known for heavy-handed populism. He initiated a campaign against organized crime, increased spending on welfare programs, maintained consistent double-digit percentage GDP growth, and campaigned to revive Cultural Revolution-era "red culture." Bo's promotion of egalitarian values and the achievements of his "Chongqing model" made him the champion of the Chinese New Left, composed of both Maoists and social democrats disillusioned with the country's market-based economic reforms and increasing economic inequality. However, the perceived lawlessness of Bo's anti-corruption campaigns, coupled with concerns about his outsized personality, made him a controversial figure.

Bo was considered a likely candidate for promotion to the nine-member Politburo Standing Committee in 2012. His political fortunes came to an abrupt end in large part because of the Wang Lijun incident, in which his top lieutenant and police chief sought asylum at the American consulate in Chengdu. In the fallout, Bo was removed as Chongqing party chief in March 2012 and suspended from the politburo the following month.

Early Life

Bo Xilai was the fourth child of prominent Communist Party member, Bo Yibo, who served as Minister of Finance in the early years of the People's Republic of China but who fell from favor in 1965 for supporting open trade with the West. When the Cultural Revolution began in 1966, Bo Yibo was labeled a "rightist" and a "counterrevolutionary" and purged from the party. He spent the ensuing twelve years in prison, where he was reportedly tortured. His wife, Hu Ming, was abducted by Red Guard in Guangzhou, and was either beaten to death or committed suicide.

Bo Xilai was 17 years old when the Cultural Revolution began, and at the time attended the prestigious No. 4 High School in Beijing — one of the best in the country. In the early years of the Cultural Revolution, Bo is reported to have been an active member of the liandong Red Guard organization and may have at one point denounced his father.

As the political winds of the Cultural Revolution shifted, Bo and his siblings were either imprisoned or sent to the countryside, and Bo Xilai was locked up for five years. After the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, the members of the Gang of Four were officially blamed for the chaos of the Cultural Revolution, and Bo's family was released. Bo Yibo was politically rehabilitated, and in 1979 became vice premier.

After his release, Bo Xilai worked at the Hardware Repair Factory for the Beijing Second Light Industry Bureau. He was admitted to the Peking University by public examination in 1977. Unlike many of his contemporaries in the Chinese leadership who studied engineering, Bo majored in world history. In his sophomore year, Bo enlisted in a Master's program in international journalism at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, graduating with a Master's degree in 1982. He joined the Communist Party in October 1980.


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